Since the Portuguese colonial age, Brazil has been recognised for producing world-class quality gemstones, many regions throughout the country dependent on mining for economic growth. Some of the world’s most striking and rare stones are to be found in Brazil, and it has become a prolific player in the worldwide market. Here’s a guide to discovering Brazil’s gemstones.
Although tourmaline can be found throughout Brazil, the main mining hub is in Minas Gerais where tourmaline can be found in various colours from orange, yellow, green, blue, and violet. One of the most prolific mines in the state is the Cruzeiro tourmaline mine where gems are in abundance and can be effortlessly picked out of the ground and mine walls. It was here that pink tourmalines were discovered.
However, no tourmaline is as famous or well-known as the Paraíba tourmaline, which is only found in the northern state of Paraíba. It a vivid electric blue with varying hues of vibrant green. The striking colour is a result of microscope traces of copper present in the stone.